Essay on The Causes of the Civil War
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The Causes of the Civil War
In 1642, Civil War broke out in England, Parliament against the King. Civil War is said to be the worst kind of war because it is when a country fights against itself and unfortunately, this was the case in England. Many family's were torn apart and many people were killed but how had this happened? How had a great country gone so low that they would have to fight themselves? How had England gone into Civil War? This is what we are going to find out.
King Charles got off to a bad start. England was a protestant country and so, you would expect him to marry a protestant, but he did not. Charles married Henrietta Maria, a French Catholic, in 1625. This was bad…show more content…
He ruled without them for 11years, until 1640. Some say that Britain was happy during this time and others say that Charles' polices, his taxes and religious reforms, during this time made him very unpopular and were one of the main reasons why we had Civil War. I am for Charles but I think this was a bad move. Here are Charles' policies:
Money- Charles had to find a new method of raising money and one method he used was Ship Money. This tax was usually paid by coastal counties in time of war to improve the navy. In 1634, Charles' started asking coastal counties for ship money even though the navy didn't need any improvements and it wasn't time of war and in 1635, Ship Money was taken from inland counties too. It looked like Charles wanted this tax to become permanent even though it was very unpopular but people paid it and Charles got his money so, to him, the ship money tax was successful!
Religion- Charles and Archbishop Laud started making changes to the Church of England in 1630. They said they were trying to improve it but lots of people, particularly the puritans, thought they were trying to turn their Protestant church into a Catholic one and the fact that Charles' wife was Catholic didn't help! Archbishop Laud and King Charles started decorating the churches and thought that this would make the people feel closer to god and they
What Were The Causes Of The English Civil War?
The English Civil broke out between 1642 and 1651 between the Parliamentarians and King Charles I's army. The Civil War was the beginning to many significant events, including the execution of Charles I and the rise of the Commonwealth of England. In this research task, I will explore the different causes that erected this war.
Some of the causes of the English Civil War include: lack of money, religion, foreign affairs, and King Charles' personality. It all started on January 4th, 1642. Charles called his troops to arrest five members of the House of Commons, but the attempt failed because they where warned and they fled before the troops arrived. Charles feared for his own selfish personal safety that people might turn against him, and so he left the London area. When he left London, he immediately he began recruiting soldiers and stockpiling military resources. On August 1642, Charles I officially began the war in Nottingham, and the Third Earl of Essex, Robert Devereux, was announced as the Parliamentary commander. Most of England took no sides in the civil wars. Both sides only had around 13 000 men during the first war. The Parliamentarians main aim in this war, is for Charles to have a more constructive attitude to parliament. But, unfortunately for Charles, Parliament was definitely luckier than the King's side. You see, the Parliamentarians could collect taxes to earn their money for resources, whereas King Charles I had to rely on donations to fund his armies from supporters. The Royalists' support mainly came from the North, West and Wales. Parliament was supported by the wealthier people from the South, East and also London. [Charles was] hoping for a quick victory, the war commenced on Edgehill by Essex on the 23rd October 1642.
The Lack of money proved to be a real big problem in the uprising of the English Civil War. When Charles was brought to the throne after his father (James VI) he had very little money. Straight after when the King came to the throne, the County Faction wanted Charles to go to war with the Catholics in Spain. According to bbc.co.uk, the County Faction was/is:"It is traditional to refer to the two factions in Parliament as Court and County; Court was effectively in the King's pocket, and County were MPs who tried to represent the views of the landowners."So without the money, Charles decided to turn on taxes to spend on the war. The Parliament refused to pay enough, so Charles I knew the war was hopeless. Therefore, Parliament blamed Charles for asking for more money. As Charles was a strong believer of the
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