Essay on Discrimination in Publich Schools
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As long as the school system has been in existence, there have been many cases of discrimination in one form or another. Blocked opportunities for students of a certain race and or in a lower socio-economic group have always existed. Many school officials, including various faculty members, have been responsible for rerouting minority students suggesting less demanding classes with the belief that these students could not handle the more advanced course work. This particular form of discrimination has been labeled tracking. For many years, racial minorities have been battling, and at times succumbing, to this form of discrimination.
Tracking involves dividing students based upon their learning capabilities and placing them in specific…show more content…
In order to supply the factories with well-trained workers, the public school system was encouraged to train future factory workers. This need for factory workers brought on the practice of tracking. Within the system of tracking, if a student was considered a racial minority or from a lower socio-economic background, they were automatically placed in the lower track, which was designed for training students for factory work upon the completion of their high school education. On the other hand, if the student was white and from a higher socio-economic background, they were provided with the best educational opportunities by taking advanced courses, which prepared them for a four year college or university.
A form of tracking called ability grouping can begin in the kindergarten years (Risley, 1999:4). Ability grouping is put into practice when children are put into groups based on their learning skills. The groups have advantages that include the extra attention needed for children that are not reading at a certain level which can bring them up to standard. The disadvantages include the alienation of students from the other advanced students along with the label of being a slow learner. There are standards within the school system to determine how to track students. Standardized tests, recommendations from the teachers and counselors, and parent and student choices are considered. The criterion appears fair enough. What is hidden from full view is that the
Gender Discrimination in Education
Gender discrimination is a very common problem in most developing countries. Generally, it means creating biases against a person based on their gender or sex. This kind of discrimination affects both male and female, but in various parts of the world, mostly women fall victim to it.
Therefore in the developing countries, females are discriminated against solely because of their biological attributes. As a result they are not provided with the luxury of enjoying the same opportunities as males in the social, cultural, political or economic sense.
Gender discrimination against girls in the educational field
Education is also one of the factors of discrimination against woman’s life because they are deprived of opportunities to pursue it in any way. There are multiple barriers that stand in the way of a girl's right to education.
- Poverty is the most common reason behind gender discrimination against girls in education. Poor families have limited resources to support the education of their children; therefore they are forced to give opportunities to their sons and not their daughters.
- Also, there is a misconception in lots of families that girls do not need an education to run a household therefore it is not considered very important for them to go to school.
- Since girls are required to take on board the household responsibilities since they are young, the burden of it forces them to quit school.
- Many cultures have values and traditions that limit their acquisition of education.
- Because of limited number of schools, children from small towns have to travel miles to get education, therefore girls are not permitted to go there due to safety concerns.
Gender discrimination against boys in educational sector
Although there has not been much research but it is now being brought to light that men also face severe discrimination in many fields including the educational sector.
- Because of their rowdy and aggressive nature, boys are labeled to have trouble concentrating in studies, which is why much of the focus and resource is not given to them to help them in their studies.
- Teachers are also biased against them in such a way that they treat girls in a nicer manner as compared to their treatment with boys.
- Also, in the fields like nursing, stereotyped to be taken over by girls only, boys have to face serious discrimination.
Hence, gender discrimination is very common in the educational sector for both genders. It is present in all the areas including the social, cultural, political or economic system.